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真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

发布时间:2020-06-02 08:53:26   来源:搜狐教育-高考    作者: 匿名  
导语: 本文是由江苏省东台市的网友投稿,经过男童被绑石柱鞭打:编辑发布关于"真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)"的内容介绍

原标题:真题 | 高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

24.It’s strange that he _______have taken the books without the owner’s permission.

A. would B. should C. could D. might

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

27. There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.

A. had B. will have C. would have had D. have had

【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:在这个村里有很好的社交生活,并且我希望我再有机会去更多的参与。本题考查wish引导的宾语从句,表示与现在事实相反的愿望,所以从句用一般过去时。故选A。

10. I can't find my purse. I___________ it in the supermarket yesterday, but I'm not sure.

A. should leave B. must have left

C. might leave D. could have left

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

12. In today’s information age, the loss of data _________ cause serious problems for a company.

A. need B. should C. can D. must

【解析】考查情态动词。句意:在今天的信息时代,数据的丢失有时会对一个公司造成严重的问题。数据丢失造成严重问题是客观上会发生的情况,即“客观可能性”,故该空应用情态动词can。C选项正确。其余情态动词均没有该用法。need需要;should应该,竟然;must必须,肯定。

13. They might have found a better hotel if they _________ a few more kilometers.

A. drove B. would drive C. were to drive D. had driven

【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:如果他们多开几公里的话,他们也许会找到一个更好的旅馆。由“they might have found a better hotel”可知,该句是表示对过去的虚拟。if ____ a few more kilometers是条件句部分,表示对过去的虚拟,条件句部分要用过去完成时态,故D选项正确。

15. If we ___________the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach

A. had caught B. caught C. have caught D. would catch

【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我们昨天赶上飞机的话,现在我们正在海滩享受我们的假日了。根据时间状语yesterday可知,从句表示与过去事实相反,故用had + v-ed。故选A。

21. Samuel, the tallest boy in our class, ______ easily reach the books on the top shelf.

A. must B. should C. can D. need

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

34. If the new safety system _______ to use, the accident would never have happened.

A. had been put B. were put C. should be put D. would be put

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

2. My room is a mess, but I __________clean it before I go out tonight. I can do it in the morning.

A.daren’tB. shouldn’tC. needn’tD. mustn’t

试题分析:句意:我的房间很乱,但是在今晚我出去之前不需要打扫,我可以明天早晨再打扫。A.不敢;B.不应该;C不需要;D.不许。根据句意,故选C。

15. —Do you have Betty’s phone number?

—Yes. Otherwise, I ______able to reach her yesterday.

A. hadn’t been B. wouldn’t have been

C. weren’t D. wouldn’t be

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

31. I love the weekend, because I ________ get up early on Saturdays and Sundays.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. wouldn’t D. shouldn’t

试题分析:题目考查情态动词。句意:我喜欢周末,因为周六和周日我不需要早起。A. needn’t不需要;B. mustn’t禁止;C. wouldn’t不愿;D. shouldn’t不应该。根据句意可知,周六、周日不用早起,故选A。

34. Why didn’t you tell me about your trouble last week? If you ________ me, I could have helped.

A. told B. had told C. were to tell D. would tell

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

27.If itfor his invitation the other day, I should not be here now.

A.had not beenB.should not be

C. were not to be D. should not have been

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

5. It was really annoying; I _____ get access to the data bank you had recommended.

A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t

真题|高考英语真题专练:情态动词和虚拟语气(含答案和解析)

15. I was wearing a seatbelt. If I hadn’t been wearing one, I ____.

A. were injured B. would be injured

C. had been injured D. would have been injured

试题分析:句意:我当时系着安全带。如果我没有系安全带,我就会受伤了。使用虚拟语气,根据if条件句用的had done,可知,主句用would have done表示对过去情况的虚拟,而且I和injure是被动关系。故选D。

17. George _________ too far . His coffee is still warm .

A. must have gone B. might have gone

C. can't have gone D. needn't have gone

试题分析:乔治不可能走得太远了。他的咖啡仍然是温的。can’t have done是对过去的否定推测;must have done过去一定做了某事;might have done过去可能做了某事;needn’t have done过去本不必做某事。故选C。

34. If I _____it with my own eyes ,I wouldn’t have believed it.

A . didn’t see B. weren’t seeing

C. wouldn’t see D. hadn’t seen

试题分析:句意:如果不是我亲眼看到,我不会相信。根据后半句wouldn’t have believed可以判断是对过去的虚拟。所以从句是if+主语+ had+done的形式。故选D。

12. You ____ be Carol. You haven’t changed a bit after all these years.

A. mustB. can C. will D. shall

试题分析:句意:你肯定是卡罗,这些年你一点也没有变化。must表示对现在的肯定推测。故选A。

4. It was so noisy that wehear ourselves speak.

A. couldn’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D needn’t

试题分析:句意:太吵了,以致我们不能够听到我们在说什么?A的意思是不能,B的意思是不应该,C的意思是禁止,D的意思是不需要。该题用到了一个so +形容词+ that的句式,做题时应该正确理解句意及这个句式的用法。正确理解这是表达不能还是表达其他的东西。must只能用于肯定句,用于否定句表示禁止,这一点尤其要注意因为往往会出错。如果表示一种可能往往是can 的形式(过去时态使用could)

7. I ______ have worried before I came to the new school, for my classmates here are very friendly to me.

A. mightn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. couldn’t

试题分析:句意:我来新学校之前本没有必要担心,因为在这里我的同学对我非常友好。needn’t have done本没有必要做某事,表示实际上已经做了某事。根据句意可知选C。

2.You _____be careful with the camera. It costs!

A .must B. may C. can D. will

试题分析:考查情态动词。根据下文的it costs可知,照相机很昂贵,故选择A,意为:你一定要非常小心对待照相机,它很昂贵。

23. Ellen is a fantastic dancer. I wish I as well as her.

A. dance B. will dance C. had danced D. danced

试题分析:句意:Ellen是一个很棒的舞蹈演员。但愿我能和她跳得一样好。I wish“但愿”后面接宾语从句用虚拟语气,和现在相反用一般过去时,所以选C。

28. It might have saved me some trouble ______ the schedule.

A. did I know B. have I known C. do I know D. had I known

试题分析:句意:如果我早知道日程安排,可能会省去我一些麻烦。根据题干中might have saved可知主句是对过去的虚拟,从句应用if I had known与主句保持一致。if虚拟条件句中含有had时,可将if省去,同时将had提前构成倒装结构。故选D项。虚拟语气重要做题原则:根据题干中主句或从句中动词形式判断所考查的动词的虚拟时间, 一般要保持一致,但要注意错综时间虚拟语气要根据各自所表示的虚拟时间做出调整。另外,当 if 条件句中含有助动词 had,should 或 were 时, 可以省略 if,而将 had, should 或 were提到句首,从而构成倒装虚拟条件句。

30.Although you ______ find bargains in London, its not generally a cheap place to shop.

A. shouldB. needC. must D. can

试题分析:考查情态动词的用法。句意:尽管你能在伦敦找到便宜货,但是一般不是购物便宜的地方。此处can意为:能。根据句意选D。

3. I’ve ordered some pizza, so we _______ worry about cooking when we get home tired.

A. can’t B. dare not C. needn’t D. may not

试题分析:因为买了比萨饼,无需担心回家后疲劳还要做饭。故选择C项。needn’t意为“无必要”。can’t表示“无能力”;dare not表示“无勇气”;may not表示“推断”。

13. It was John who broke the window. Why are you talking to me as if I _______ it?

A. had done B. have done C. did D. am doing

试题分析:题意:John打坏了窗户,为什么跟“我”谈话?好像是“我”打坏了窗户似的。题中broke表明“打坏窗户”发生在“过去”。as if / though后面的从句用had done表示对“过去”的虚拟。故A项正确。

_______ I have a word with you? It won’t take long. A. Can B. Must C. Shall D. Should

【答案】A.

试题分析:本题考查情态动词,考查方式为情态动词词义辨析。句意:我能和你谈话吗?不会很长时间的。根据上下文可知,说话人在请求听话人允许不长时间的一个交谈,所以选择表示“能不能或可以不可以”的A。

30. Life is unpredictable; even the poorest __become the richest.

A. shall B. must C. need D. might

试题分析:根据句子意思,后句讲的是一种可能性。Need 需要;must 一定;shall 表较大的可能性,如:With an early start he should be here by noon. 动身得早,他中午就该到这里了。shall表示推断时,语气较肯定,通常是指非常可能的事(因为暗示有一定的事实依据或合乎常理),而may, might, could等表示推测时,则语气较不肯定,尤其是might, could。因此D选项正确。句意为“ 人生是不可预测的;甚至最穷的也可能变得最有钱。”

32. no modern telecommunications, we would have to wait for weeks to get news from around the world.

A. Were there B. Had there been

C .If there are D. If there have been

试题分析:对现在情况的虚拟,条件句中用一般过去时,主句用“ would/ should/ might/ could +动词原形。虚拟条件句中有had, should, were时,可以将if去掉,然后把had, should, were提到主语前面。所以选A。句意:如果没有现代的通信,我们将会等上几周的时间才能得到来自世界的新闻。

25. My book, The House of Hales , is missing. Who ________ have taken it?

A. need B. must C. should D. could

【解析】试题分析:考查情态动词辨析及语境理解。Need用在情态动词,只用在否定句和疑问句中,“必要”;must“必须”,表示肯定推测,用在肯定句中;should“应该、竟然”;could“能够、可能”。题干中的说话人书丢了,应该是猜测可能是谁拿走了,故选D。

If Mr. Dewey _____ present, he would have offered any possible assistance to

the people there.

A. were B. had been C. should be D. was

试题分析:考查虚拟语气用法。本题考查的是if条件从句与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,故从句用had + v-ed,主句用would / could/ should / might + v-ed。句意:如果Dewey先生在场的话,他会提供那里人们的任何可能的帮助。故B正确。

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