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[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

发布时间:2020-06-03 07:07:46   来源:搜狐教育-外语    作者: 匿名  
导语: 本文是由江苏省通州市的网友投稿,经过马戏团猴子出逃 爬上交通信号灯杆引发车祸:编辑发布关于"[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议"的内容介绍

原标题:[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

阳春3月,春暖花开,中国迎来了疫情防控形势持续向好,但国内外仍有许多不确定性。作为雅思考试的主办方,英国文化教育协会始终将广大考生的安全和健康放在首位,持续提供“以人为本”的考试服务:积极和全球雅思考试认可的院校和机构沟通争取他们的理解和支持,积极与相关政府和教育部门沟通争取尽早明确考试安排,复考后通过增加考位/场次等举措尽己所能地满足广大考生的考试需求,并持续提供免费优质的备考资源。而现在,在这场战“疫”最关键的时刻,呼吁大家再坚持一下!同时,我们会每周为你们提供更多有效的学习资源,帮助大家在家高效安心备考

最近,众烤鸭反应,

雅思备考出现了一些新难处,

主要矛盾如下:

没有deadline就没有生产力,

缺乏小伙伴就缺乏催化剂,

专业点拨无处找,

满头疑问无人答。

了解了大家的困难,

我们也出品了一系列官方资源,

帮助大家适应在家期间的备考新常态。

上一周送给大家的“雅思自学指导手册”,

帮助小白烤鸭四周晋级考场达人,

而这次,我们搜集了最近烤鸭们

有关备考和英语学习的困惑,

并请出了雅思官方的英语教学专家们,

总结了这份“宅家学霸修炼指南”,

无论你现在的水平处于哪个level,

都能助你解决疑问,制定最高效的居家备考方针。

今天带来的是听力和阅读相关的tips,

小本本拿出来吧!

Listening Tips

听力技巧1.Set a realistic goal for yourself and do not aim for shortcuts. Don’t expect to progress from low-level to high-level overnight! Like all skills, becoming proficient in a language takes a lot of time and effort. However, there are many useful strategies you can take: 根据自身情况设立符合实际的目标,切忌盲目寻求捷径。不要幻想在一夜之间取得突飞猛进的进步!学习英语和学习其它技能一样,需要付出大量的时间和精力才能熟练掌握。不过,有些学习策略可以助你一臂之力:2. Create a listening routine and stick to it:制定日常听力练习计划并坚持下去:a) Listen to something different every day.For example, on Monday – listen to a podcast, on Tuesday – listen to 15 minutes of a news program, on Wednesday – listen to asong, and so on.每天选择不同的练习材料。例如,周一听英文播客,周二听15分钟的新闻,周三则可以听英文歌曲,以此类推。

b) Listen to something which interests you!选择自己感兴趣的练习材料!c) Choose different sources, like elllo.org. A variety of accents and dialects will help youunderstand better spoken English from around the world.通过多种不同的渠道(如elllo.org)获取听力资源。 了解各种各样的口音和方言有助于你更好地理解世界各地的英语口语。d) Choose listening materials which fit your level.If you can understand <50% and >90% of the audio, then it is not for you as it is either too easy or too difficult. TED talks (www.ted.com/talks) are a great way to practice academic listening. 选择适合自己英语水平的听力材料。如果你对自己选择的听力材料能听懂不到50%或者超过90%,那就说明此材料过于简单或者难度过大,不适合用作听力练习材料。TED演讲(www.ted.com/talks) 非常适合用来练习学术英语听力。e) Do it when you are most productive during the day – are you a morning or an evening person?选择一天中效率最高的时候练习听力——你是“早起鸟”还是“夜猫子”呢?f) Plan your listening activities and cross them off once you’ve completed them.按计划进行听力练习,每完成一项便划去一项。g) Listen to something a few times; change the speed.一段材料反复多听几次,也可做变速练习。

[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

(图片来自网络)

3. Focus on the overall message and do not get frustrated about detail.重点抓住材料大,不要过于纠结细节信息。

4. Take notes while you’re listening and go back to discover what expressions or clues in the audio helped you understand the message.听的过程中注意做笔记,听完后回顾材料中有助于理解信息的表达方式或相关线索。

5. Don’t worry too much about unfamiliar words; if you hear something which is repeated in different sources, look it up in the dictionary and study it.无需过于担心生疏词汇。如果在不同材料中多次听到某个单词,可以查阅词典学习。

6. Call a friend and discuss issues in English for a set time period (for example, 10 minutes).给朋友打电话,在规定时间内(比如10分钟)用英语讨论问题。

7. Try to guess questions you haven’t answered. This is especially important for “yes”, “no” or “don’t know” questions as the chance of you getting the right answer by chance is pretty high!针对尚未答出的问题试着猜测答案,尤其是“是”、“否”或“未提及”类的问题,因为这类问题猜对答案的概率非常高!

[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

(图片来自网络)

8.Before each section you are given time to read the questions. Use this time sensibly and read the questions carefully but not too slowly or the recording will start before you have finished reading.每一部分听力开始之前,考生都会有一定的时间来阅读问题。合理利用这段时间,仔细阅读问题,但要注意速度不能太慢,以免录音开始前来不及看完所有问题。

9. Be sure to answer with the correct number of words. If the question asks for two or three words, don’t use four or five.注意按照字数要求回答问题。如果题干要求用两三个单词回答,那就不要用四五个单词。

10. Write clearly. If the examiner cannot ready our writing, then you will get no marks. If you think your writing is bad, use capital letters.书写整洁、卷面清晰。如果字迹潦草,考官无法辨认,那么你将无法得分。 如果你对自己的书写没有信心,可选择用大写字母来拼写单词。11.During the transferring time first make sure you have transferred all the questions you have answered legibly (easy to read) and in the correct space. Then go back, review and try to answer the ones you haven’t. Make an educated guess, as your aim should be to have an answer sheet with no blank spaces.誊写答案时,首先要确保将所有答案全部清晰地誊写到答题卡上的相应位置,然后再回去检查并回答之前未完成的题目, 合理推测答案,保证答题卡上没有问题空着不答。Reading Tips阅读技巧

1.Choose a variety of texts and combine reading for studying with reading for pleasure. 涉猎各类英文文章,在阅读过程中寓学于乐。

[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

(图片来自网络)

2. Spend 20-30 minutes every day reading different texts: newspaper articles, blogs, books, textbook activities. 每天花20-30分钟阅读不同类型的文章,如报纸刊文、博客、书籍、教材练习等。3. Improve your vocabulary by looking up common words (words you hear a lot) in the dictionary.通过英文词典查阅常见词汇(经常听到的单词),扩大词汇量。4. Try different techniques while reading: skim and scan the text quickly, answer questions in detail, summarise the main idea(s).尝试不同的阅读技巧快速略读、浏览文章,详细回答问题,总结文章主旨大意。

5. Choose topics of interest but also try to read texts on various topicsas IELTS chooses subjects from many fields. 可以选择自己感兴趣的阅读材料,同时也要,因为雅思考试的选题范围非常广。6. Discuss some interesting texts with your friends and exchange ideas in English.就一些趣味十足的文章内容和朋友进行讨论,并用英语交流各自的观点。

7. Read for speed. Set a timer and try to read a text within the time limit (e.g., 5 mins). Check your understanding. Reduce the time limit as you improve and get faster (e.g.,from 5 mins to 4 mins to 3 mins).注意提高阅读速度。用计时器定时,尽量在规定时间内(如5分钟)读完一篇文章,并检查自己的理解是否正确。随着阅读能力不断提升, 逐渐缩短阅读时限,以提高自己的阅读速度(例如从5分钟逐渐缩短为4分钟、3分钟)。8. Read aloud with your friends or even by yourself. You could record yourself if you wish. Listen to how you sound. This will help with your fluency and pronunciation. It will also build your self-confidence.独自或者和朋友一起大声朗读文章,可以边朗读边录音,然后通过听录音检查并提升自己的流利度和发音,这样也有助于你增强自信心。

[宅家学霸修炼指南I]20条你不可不知的雅思听力阅读备考建议

(图片来自网络)

9. Familiarise yourself with the style of the exam and how long each part takes. You need to develop skills to answer each type of question in the reading examination. Questions could take the form of any of the following:熟悉考试风格以及各部分所需要花费的时间。你需要培养相关答题技巧,以便熟练回答阅读部分的各类题型。雅思阅读考试可能会包含以下题型:

  • Multiple choice 选择题
  • Short answer questions 简答题
  • Sentence completion questions 填空题
  • Notes/ table/ form/ summary/ flow chart/diagram completion questions 完成笔记、总结、表格或流程图
  • Yes, no, not given or True, false, not given “是”、“否”、“未提及”类 或者“对”、“错”、“未提及”类的问题
  • Classification questions 分类题
  • Matching 配对题
  • Choosing headings 为段落或文章的部分选择相对应的小标题
  • Scanning & identifying location of information 浏览文本并确定信息位置
  • Labelling a diagram which has numbered parts 对图表进行标记

There are many IELTS Practice tests available, which provide examples of the above

(www.ielts-exam.net/ielts_reading). Do as many practice tests as you can to get used to the rubric and the task types.

Developed by British Council East Asia Assessment Solutions Team

本内容由英国文化教育协会东亚地区英语测评专家组提供

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